‘Leaving the Cold War Behind’: Crime and Forced Migration in Latin America

Blog post written by Dr David James Cantor, Director of the Refugee Law Initiative (RLI), School of Advanced Study, University of London, and senior adviser to the Americas Bureau, UNHCR. The views expressed in this article are his alone and do not necessarily reflect those of the RLI, UNHCR or any other institution. This blog post was originally written for Refugees Deeply where it was published on 4 October 2017. It is republished here with their permission. (more…)

From ‘tolerated’ asylum seeker to ‘accepted’ refugee: Reflections on refugee integration in Scotland

Blog post by Helen Baillot, a researcher and consultant for the Institute for Global Health and Development (IGHD) at Queen Margaret University, Edinburgh. IGHD is a multi-disciplinary centre for research and postgraduate education that addresses contemporary health and development challenges in low and middle-income countries and their connection to global systems and trends. (more…)

Statelessness and the global compact for migration

Blog post written by Tendayi Bloom, a Lecturer in Politics and International Studies at The Open University in the UK. Her work explores questions of noncitizenship, migration, statelessness and justice. Her work on statelessness can be found in a recent Discover Society blog series, and in a book, Understanding Statelessness, which she co-edited with Katherine Tonkiss and Phillip Cole. A more detailed treatment of Dr Bloom’s own position on the nature of the noncitizen-State relationship is developed in her forthcoming book, Noncitizenism: Recognising Noncitizen Capabilities in a World of Citizens. (more…)

How should the East Asian countries respond to a potential exodus of North Koreans in case of a Korean peninsula crisis?

Blog post by Naoko Hashimoto, a Research Affiliate of the RLI. Naoko has a number of years’ practical experience in refugees and forced migration issues, as a staff of UNHCR, IOM, and the Government of Japan.  She is currently undertaking a PhD research focusing on refugee resettlement at the School of Law, Politics and Sociology of the University of Sussex, as an International Fellow of Nippon Foundation. She holds Master of Studies in Forced Migration from the University of Oxford, and LLM in International Human Rights Law from the University of London. (more…)

Reframing Non-Refoulement as an Individual Right under International Law?

Blog post written by Jenny Poon, a Research Affiliate of the Refugee Law Initiative, a Ph.D. candidate at the Faculty of Law of the University of Western Ontario, Canada, a qualified Barrister & Solicitor in the Province of Ontario, as well as a Visiting Study Fellow at the University of Oxford, Refugee Studies Centre for Trinity Term 2017. The author may be reached at jpoonlaw@gmail.com. (more…)

Designating ‘Vulnerability’: The asylum claims of women and sexual minorities

Blog post written by Dr Moira Dustin, Research Fellow, School of Law, Politics and Sociology, University of Sussex who is currently working on the research project ‘SOGICA – Sexual Orientation and Gender Identity Claims of Asylum: A European human rights challenge (2016-2020)’. This post is published as a contribution to Refugee Week 2017.


The Refugee Convention was not designed with the persecution of women and sexual minorities in mind. But times change and today most would agree that women at risk of Female Genital Mutilation and LGBT people threatened with the death penalty in their countries of origin should be granted asylum. The problem is these individuals do not obviously fit the Convention definition of a refugee based on persecution due to race, religion, nationality or political opinion, leaving identification as members of a ‘particular social group’ the only option available. Advocates then struggle to define the parameters of that group. Is it as broad as women in Pakistan or as narrow as gay men who frequent a certain park in the centre of Tirana? (more…)

Beneficiaries of International Protection in the European Union and the (Absent) European Protection Space

Blog post written by Dr. Reuven (Ruvi) Ziegler, Associate Professor in International Refugee Law at the School of Law, University of Reading. Ruvi is also Editor-in-Chief of the Refugee Law Initiative Working Paper Series. Ruvi will present on the ‘Crisis, Cross-border Mobility and State Responses in Europe and Latin America’ panel at the upcoming RLI 2nd Annual Conference. The full conference programme is available here.


In recent years, we have witnessed a European Union struggling to forge a common approach to the admission of onward movement of prospective ‘beneficiaries of international protection’ (BiP), which include 1951 Geneva Convention refugees and those grated ‘subsidiary protection status’ (Qualification Directive (Recast) Article 2), prompting calls by Guy Goodwin-Gill and others for the creation of a European Refugee and Migration Agency. (more…)